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Periodontics aims to prevent, diagnose and treat the diseases and injures of the gums, connective tissues and bone surrounding the teeth. Periodontal diseases can be a serious threat as they are linked with the heart disease and overall health state. At the very beginning, gum disease can be recognized by the inflammation and redness of the gum line. Then, gum pockets start gathering tartar and plaque. If left untreated, bacteria continues its growth causing infection and gum recession. The worst thing is that gum diseases progress imperceptibly destroying the bone that holds the teeth in place. It is important to detect the problem at the early stage and create a personalized treatment plan to rid you of harmful bacteria and restore your oral health.
What Are the Symptoms of Gum Recession?
Gum recession is often an after-effect of periodontal disease. As gum tissues become infected, a gum recession progresses. Aggressive brushing and flossing, improper oral hygiene, tooth grinding and severe cases of bruxism can only worsen the situation.
Common Symptoms of Gum Diseases
- Bad breath from a mouth over extended period
- Red, swollen gums
- Constant gums’ bleeding when brushing or flossing
- Painful chewing
- Increased teeth sensitivity
- Teeth appear longer than normally
All listed signs are indications of a developing periodontal disease that needs professional attention. Regardless the reasons for your gum recession – harsh brushing, a bad bite or natural aging process – consequences are the same. However, knowing the source of your problem enables to prevent progressive gum loss in the future. There are several ways to treat gum diseases depending on the severity of the problem:
Mild gum diseases can be treated by deep cleaning. The procedure includes: removing tartar and plaque, smoothing the tooth surfaces and roots and reattaching the gum tissue. Usually, deep cleaning is made with the use of local anesthetic. In some cases, the dentist can prescribe an antibiotic to eliminate the bacteria growth. Deep cleaning can be an effective treatment option if made at the early stage of gum disease and followed by a proper oral hygiene at home.
Benefits of Deep Cleaning
- Prevents you from bone deterioration and gum recession
- Improves the overall health
- Brightens your smile
After Deep Cleaning
After deep cleaning treatment, your teeth can become sensitive to cold and hot for some time. This can be treated with the help of fluoride application to the root surface. The procedure usually leaves gums swollen and inflamed. You can reduce these after-effects by rinsing the mouth with warm salt water. Deep cleaning can provoke a slight gum recession as the procedure causes deep pockets to shrink. Sometimes, patients may also experience root bleeding and tender gums the initial days after treatment. Remember that deep cleaning doesn’t stop a buildup of tartar. Careful at-home brushing and flossing habit should be maintained to prolong the effect of the procedure.
Soft Tissue Graft
A soft tissue graft is made when the patient has a significant level of gum recession. During the grafting procedure, the dentist removes a small part of tissue usually taken from the root of the mouth and puts it into the site where the gum recedes. In order to place the graft, the dentist will have to separate the gums from the teeth to create a pocket. Then, all plaque and tartar are removed from the root surfaces and the graft is gently put into place. The procedure includes incisions and stitches and is made under local anesthesia. If you have fear of invasive procedures, discuss sedation options with your dentist to make your treatment less stressful.
Benefits of Soft Tissue Graft
- Reduces further gum recession and bone loss
- Improves oral and overall health
- Improves aesthetics: bone graft makes smile more symmetric
- Hides exposed roots and protects them from infections
Soft Tissue Graft Aftercare
You will experience some discomfort during a few weeks after the procedure. It is normal as your tissue graft will be healing. Sutures usually dissolve or should be removed within a few days by your dentist. Be careful when eating hard foods and brushing to avoid infections and further complications. The complete healing process may take several months.
Pinhole® Technique for Gum Recession
Unlike traditional gum recession treatment that includes soft tissue grafting, Pinhole® technique doesn’t require grafts or incisions. The procedure involves the adjustment of existing patient’s tissue with the help of a special needle. This instrument is used to make a small hole in the tissue. Then, a gum tissue is loosening to move over the areas where you have a lack of tissue. Pinhole® procedure is a perfect option for those patients who have a need for reduced recovery time and have an extensive gum recession in many mouth areas. It is possible to treat multiple areas in a single visit.
Benefits of Pinhole® Technique
- Visible quick improvement of your smile
- Less discomfort after treatment (no sutures are needed, less pain)
- Fast recovery comparing to the soft tissue graft
- No cutting is used, minimally-invasive
- Natural-looking and durable results
Pinhole® Technique After Care
Since there is no grafting and cutting used during the procedure, the recovery time is short. First weeks after the procedure, try eating soft foods to avoid gums irritation. Keep proper oral hygiene by daily brushing and flossing your teeth.
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