Periodontal care, also known as periodontics, refers to a dentistry specialty that deals with the diagnosis, cure, and prevention of diseases connected to tooth tissues, as well as in their function, maintenance, appearance, and health.
What is Periodontics?
It includes all dental care treatments and procedures periodontists use to prevent and fix gum disease, including both surgical and non-surgical treatment, dental implant procedures, and cosmetic procedures. Those who practice periodontics went to an additional two to 3 years of dental school, compared to general dentists.
Surgical treatments improve oral health through gum tissue grafts, regenerative procedures, lengthening of dental crowns, extractions, and pocket procedures such as osseous surgery. The non-surgical procedures include scaling and root planing, which is the best first treatment for periodontitis, as well as laser treatment and tray delivery systems. Together, these can help stop the bone loss and gum damage that can cause the removal of one’s natural teeth.
Types of Periodontal Diseases
A minor form of periodontal illness is gingivitis. This type of periodontal disease causes redness of the gums, making them bleed easily and become swollen. Gingivitis can be cured by a dentist and through optimal home oral care. If not cured, gingivitis can turn into periodontitis. As time goes by, under the gum line there can gather and spread plaque. The gums get separated from the teeth, generating certain areas in which infections can develop. If not treated, these areas can grow deeper, creating more damage to the tissue of the gum and the bones. Finally, the teeth can become loose and they would have to be extracted.
Periodontitis Risk Factors
Potential periodontitis risk factors include:
We all know that smoking is bad for our health. However, it also represents the most important risk factor for developing gum illnesses. Moreover, it can lower the chance of successful treatment.
Sometimes, over-the-counter medicines can reduce the saliva in the oral cavity, which has a protective influence on the mouth. If there is not enough saliva, the oral cavity may easily develop infections like gum illnesses.
- Genetic predispositions:
Some patients can develop gum diseases more quickly than others.
- Hormonal changes in women:
These factors can make the gums more sensitive, which enables gingivitis to occur more easily.
Patients who suffer from diabetes have a higher risk of getting infections, such as gum illnesses
- Other diseases and their cures:
Illnesses like AIDS and its cures could have a negative impact on gum health, too. The same is valid for cancer;
Preventing tooth loss and damage to the soft tissue and jawbone, much less bad breath, requires regular oral hygiene. But if you have the symptoms below, you should contact your dental office for a consultation.
- Bad breath or a bad taste that lingers
- Red or swollen gums
- Gums that are tender or bleed easily
- Pain when chewing
- Loose teeth
- Sensitive teeth
- Gums that have pulled away from your teeth
- Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- Any change in how your partial dentures fit
The treatment for gum disease may be performed by a qualified dentist, a periodontist, or a dental hygienist.
- Root planing:
It soothes the surfaces of the tooth roots, preventing more buildup of bacteria and tartar. This treatment also eliminates the bacterial byproducts which may cause inflammation and postpone the healing or reattachment of the gum on the surfaces of the teeth.
It eliminates tartar and bacteria from the tooth surface and under the gums.
Topical or oral antibiotics can help to remove any bacterial infections. Sometimes, oral antibiotics are necessary to entirely eliminate the bacteria which has caused the infection.
- Soft tissue grafts
- Bone grafting
- Flap surgery (pocket reduction operation)
- Guided tissue regeneration
Aesthetic Dental & Specialty Center features a comfortable relaxed atmosphere. Our friendly staff and hygienists help put our patients at ease — even the most nervous ones. Our Santa Clarita dentists also provide oral conscious and IV advanced sedation for those patients who need more help to relax.
Whether you need general dentistry services or you have more complex dental needs, our expert dental team serves patients of all ages, and we accept most dental insurance.
No matter where you’re traveling from — Valencia or Stevenson Ranch — Aesthetic Dental & Specialty Center is here to serve you. Take a look at the areas we serve below and schedule a complimentary consultation today!